Like the four official Marian dogmas, the Church has been contemplating and considering throughout her history the proposition of Mary as Co-Redemptrix and Mediatrix of All Graces. Contrary to a more protestant view of these things, the Pope doesn’t just wake up one day and define, let’s say, the Assumption. The Church, her pastors, her theologians and her saints, over time, write and speak and expound. Only after it is evident that the truth of the proposition is Divinely confirmed, does the Vicar of Christ make the decision to infallibly define a dogma or to confirm that the ordinary magisterium has spoken infallibly.
Enter what some have written as the “last” Marian dogma: Co-Redemptrix, Mediatrix of All Graces, and Advocate. The reality of Our Lady’s role in the plan of salvation as Co-Redemptrix with Our Divine Savior, as the Mediatrix of All Graces, and as Advocate for the human race is not new. One need only read the writings of many Popes, notably Leo XIII’s encyclicals, to see this truth expounded.
One of the leading Marian scholars of our day, Monsignor Arthur Calkins, will speak to this subject on Saturday, April 9, at St. Francis de Sales Oratory, at 11 am.
Monsignor Calkins served for many years at the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, and has recently accepted the chaplaincy of the Carmelite Sisters of the Divine Heart of Jesus in St. Louis. He has written and spoken extensively on Mary, and particularly on the issue of Marian Co-Redemption.